CLEVELAND — Health officials have identified 56 people who came in close contact with the three individuals in Cuyahoga County who tested positive for the coronavirus, or COIVD-19, according to the Cuyahoga County Board of Health Commissioner Terry Allan.
One of the patients traveled on a bus with students to the AIPAC conference in Washington D.C. from March 1-3. The onset of the illness for the individual was reported on March 6. Specimens were taken and analyzed on March 8 and positive lab results came back March 9.
The other two individuals went on an Egyptian cruise from Feb. 26 to March 6.
The onset of the second case was Feb. 29. The third case was March 5. University Hospitals collected specimens on March 7, they were tested on March 8 and a positive lab resulted from the Ohio Department of Health came back on March 9.
Allan said all the confirmed close contacts are instructed to self-quarantine and monitor for their symptoms for the time in quarantine. The close contacts were told to take their temperatures twice daily and report any symptoms to the board of health.
The board of health also clarified the definitions of some of the terms that have been used commonly be officials since the outbreak of the disease.
Quarantine: is for healthy people who may have been exposed to someone who is sick.
Isolation: This is for people who are sick and is meant to prevent the spread of the virus to healthy people.
Social distancing: Stay 6 feet away from a person if possible. The virus doesn't sit and stay in a room for a long time. It's transmitted through droplets.
“Things are changing by the hour. These are unprecedented times. We know there is a lot of anxiety and we certainly understand that. We ask the public to listen to the state leadership and recommended actions to prevent the spread, such as practicing social distancing.”
Allan addressed the questions about the public asking if this is like the flu.
“We look at the infectivity of a particular agent and in this case is the coronavirus," Allan said.
- For every person who has the flu, they can infect 1 to 2 people.
- For every person who has the measles, they can infect 12-15 people
- For every person who has COVID-19, they can infect 2-3 people.
“We are happy to report 80% who have COVID-19 have mild symptoms. It’s important to note that within that range, 20% of those people can have very serious complications," he said.
Recommendations to the public, per the county board of health:
- "We don’t want healthy people to buy masks. We don’t want healthy people to buy masks. We want masks for EMS and healthcare workers."
- "We recommended people should reconsider their travel plans, skipping that in-person meeting."
- "If you are healthy do not come to the emergency room. This is good sound practice. Make sure you are gletting those who need."
In the coming days and weeks, Allan said there will be more testing occurring.
“I expect more cases in Cuyahoga County," he said. "We anticipate more in Ohio."
Additional Coronavirus information and resources:
Below you can find information and resources on novel coronavirus, COVID-19, from local, state, national and international organizations, including the Cuyahoga County Board of Health, the Ohio Department of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the World Health Organization.
News 5 will continue to update this section with new information, resources, links, and more as it is made available.
COVID-19/2019 Novel Coronavirus Overview from the CDC:
What is coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)? Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a respiratory illness that can spread from person to person. The virus that causes COVID-19 is a novel coronavirus that was first identified during an investigation into an outbreak in Wuhan, China.
Can people in the U.S. get COVID-19? Yes. COVID-19 is spreading from person to person in parts of the United States. Risk of infection with COVID-19 is higher for people who are close contacts of someone known to have COVID-19, for example healthcare workers, or household members. Other people at higher risk for infection are those who live in or have recently been in an area with ongoing spread of COVID-19. Learn more about places with ongoing spread here.
Have there been cases of COVID-19 in the U.S.? Yes. The first case of COVID-19 in the United States was reported on January 21, 2020. The current count of cases of COVID-19 in the United States is available on CDC’s webpage here.
How does COVID-19 spread? The virus that causes COVID-19 probably emerged from an animal source, but is now spreading from person to person. The virus is thought to spread mainly between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet) through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. It also may be possible that a person can get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads. Learn what is known about the spread of newly emerged coronaviruses here.
Download and read the CDC's full "What you need to know about coronavirus disease (COVID-19)" information sheet here.
Global case numbers are reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) in their coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) situation report.
Coronavirus in Ohio:
As of Thursday, March 12, there were five confirmed cases of coronavirus in Ohio — three in Cuyahoga County, outside of Cleveland, one in Stark County and one in Trumbull County. Fifty-two persons were under investigation for the disease. See the Coronavirus information page on the Ohio Department of Health's website for the latest numbers of confirmed cases and persons under investigation.
According to the governor, two of the confirmed cases are from a married couple that went on a cruise on the Nile River. The third Cuyahoga County case is from a person that went to the AIPAC conference in Washington D.C. According to a cantor from the Jewish Temple in Beachwood, 160 people from Cleveland attended the conference. The three patients are between 54 and 56-years-old, according to officials. Read more on those cases here.
On Wednesday, health officials announced a fourth case in Ohio - a man in his mid-50s in Stark County. This case is the first example in the state of "community spread," meaning the man had not traveled out of the country, and had no known contact with an international traveler. Read more on that case here.
The fifth case, announced Thursday, was in a 55-year-old Trumbull County man.
On Wednesday, DeWine announced some measures to stem the spread of coronavirus: limiting visits to nursing homes and holding sporting events without spectators.
On Thursday, DeWine took the state's response to the next level with two orders representing major, wide-ranging steps to stop the spread of the disease: an order prohibiting "mass gatherings" of over 100 people, with exceptions, and an order to close all Ohio K-12 schools for three weeks beginning at the end of the school day on Monday, March 16.
During that news conference, ODH Director Amy Acton also revealed that their department believes that at least 100,000 Ohioans are currently carrying the disease, a claim that has made national headlines.
Coronavirus' Impacts in Northeast Ohio:
Since the announcement of confirmed cases in Ohio, a number of local events, schools, facilities and more have announced closures, cancellations, postponements and changes as a result of coronavirus. News 5 is working to keep this information updated in the links below:
More resources from News 5 and affiliates:
The symptoms of coronavirus are fever and lower respiratory tract issues, such as cough and shortness of breath, according to the Cuyahoga County Board of Health.
Anyone traveling internationally should review plans in advance of their trip, and check the CDC’s COVID-19 Travel Information Page for daily updates and travel alerts.
Practice Good Hygiene
The CCBH recommends the following good hygiene practices to prevent coronavirus, as well as the flu, colds and other illnesses:
Sneeze or cough into the bend of your elbow to keep germs from spreading
Regularly wash your hands with soap and water/use alcohol-based hand sanitizer in between
Don’t share cups, spoons, forks, etc. with anyone
Don’t make food for anyone if you are sick
Don’t go to work or school if you are sick
Visit a doctor, urgent care or emergency department if you are sick – don’t take chances
Please contact your medical provider with any questions.
Guidance for those with compromised immune systems
Cuyahoga County: See the CCBH page on coronavirus here.
Ohio Department of Health:
It is updated daily at 2 p.m. with the current number of confirmed cases, persons under investigation and persons under investigation who tested negative for the disease.
More resources from ODH:
Ohio Secretary of State:
Corona Facts: Ohio Secretary of State Frank LaRose has launched a web page dedicated to providing facts about coronavirus' impacts on voting and the Primary Election in Ohio.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
The CCBH has created this list of coronavirus-related resources from the CDC:
Guidance for businesses
Guidance for colleges and universities
Guidance for communities and mass gatherings
Guidance for healthcare facilities
Guidance for healthcare professionals
Guidance for people with elevated risk for illness
Guidance for pregnant women
Guidance for risk assessment
Guidance for schools
Guidance for travelers
World Health Organization